Professor Mack’s project with Harvard University's Carr Center will be critical to the preparation of his book manuscript, titled Transnational Carceral Regimes and Punitive Anti-communism: Haitian Immigrants, Race, Empire, and Policing in New York City and Haiti, 1935-2000, which investigates the twentieth-century Haitian experience through the lens of U.S. carceral empire. It does this by taking a transnational approach to analyze Haitians in the U.S. and Haiti through the intersection of the carceral state, Cold War politics, race, and imperialism and argues that the U.S.’s punitive anticommunist policies during the Cold War combined to create what he calls a transnational carceral network between the U.S. and Haiti. This carceral network benefitted Haitian oligarchs in Haiti while serving the interest of U.S. carceral empire, that is: capitalism and white supremacy in the U.S. Within this network in Haiti, Haitians who attempted to resist state repression were imprisoned, tortured or killed. In the U.S., Haitians were a triple minority: they were Black, immigrants, and foreign language speakers.